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Enhanced ozone strongly reduces carbon sink strength of adult beech (Fagus sylvatica) – Resume from the free-air fumigation study at Kranzberg Forest

R. Matyssek and G. Wieser and R. Ceulemans and H. Rennenberg and H. Pretzsch and K. Haberer and M. Löw and A.J. Nunn and H. Werner and P. Wipfler and Hojka Kraigher and Tine Grebenc (2010) Enhanced ozone strongly reduces carbon sink strength of adult beech (Fagus sylvatica) – Resume from the free-air fumigation study at Kranzberg Forest. Environmental Pollution, 158 (8). pp. 2527-2532. ISSN 0269-7491

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    Abstract

    Ground-level ozone (O3) has gained awareness as an agent of climate change. In this respect, key results are comprehended from a unique 8-year free-air O3-fumigation experiment, conducted on adult beech (Fagus sylvatica) at Kranzberg Forest (Germany). A novel canopy O3 exposure methodology was employed that allowed whole-tree assessment in situ under twice-ambient O3 levels. Elevated O3 significantly weakened the C sink strength of the tree–soil system as evidenced by lowered photosynthesis and 44% reduction in whole-stem growth, but increased soil respiration. Associated effects in leaves and roots at the gene, cell and organ level varied from year to year, with drought being a crucial determinant of O3 responsiveness. Regarding adult individuals of a late-successional tree species, empirical proof is provided first time in relation to recent modelling predictions that enhanced ground-level O3 can substantially mitigate the C sequestration of forests in view of climate change.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Ozone; Fagus sylvatica; Stem production; Soil respiration; Flux
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=SEARCH&base=COBIB&select=ID= 2963878
    Divisions: Slovenian Forestry Institute > Department of Forest Physiology and Genetics
    Item ID: 1074
    Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2015 15:04
    Last Modified: 18 May 2017 14:20
    URI: http://eprints.gozdis.si/id/eprint/1074

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