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Scleroderma areolatum ectomycorrhiza on Fagus sylvatica L.

Tanja Mrak and Katja Kühdorf and Tine Grebenc and Ines Štraus and Babette Münzenberger and Hojka Kraigher (2016) Scleroderma areolatum ectomycorrhiza on Fagus sylvatica L.. Mycorrhiza . ISSN 0940-6360

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Despite its broad host range and distribution and its potential applications in commercial plantation forests, comprehensive descriptions of Scleroderma ectomycorrhizae are available only for Scleroderma citrinum, Scleroderma bovista and Scleroderma sinnamariense. This study provides a morphological and anatomical description of tree nursery derived ectomycorrhizae of Scleroderma areolatum on Fagus sylvatica, grown for several years in a climatized room. Ectomycorrhizae of S. areolatum were silvery white with abundant rhizomorphs; all mantle layers were plectenchymatous, rhizomorphs of type E, with prominent emanating hyphae with thick cell wall. The distal ends of emanating hyphae of rhizomorphs were inflated and often merged with other emanating hyphae. All parts of the mycorrhiza were clampless. In hyphae of the outer mantle layer, rhizomorphs and emanating hyphae, oily droplets were observed that did not stain in sulfo-vanillin and disappeared in lactic acid after a few hours. Although the phylogenetic analysis positioned the newly described ectomycorrhiza together with Scleroderma verrucosum and Scleroderma cepa in a single clade with a taxon name SH005470.07FU, the ectomycorrhizae of these three species can be morphologically well separated based on rhizomorph type.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: morphological description, anatomical description, pioneer ectomycorrhizal fungi, long-distance exploration type, rhizomorphs, European beech
Link to COBISS: http://cobiss.izum.si/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=COBIB&RID=4609958
Divisions: Slovenian Forestry Institute > Department of Forest Physiology and Genetics
Item ID: 2057
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2016 14:35
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 14:35
URI: http://eprints.gozdis.si/id/eprint/2057

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