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Seasonal dynamics of wood formation in Pinus halepensis from dry and semi-arid ecosystems in Spain

Martin de Luis and Jožica Gričar and Katarina Čufar and Jose Raventos Bonvehi (2007) Seasonal dynamics of wood formation in Pinus halepensis from dry and semi-arid ecosystems in Spain. IAWA Journal, 28 (4). pp. 389-404. ISSN 0928-1541

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    The seasonal dynamics of cambial activity, wood formation, occurrence of false rings (FR), and tangential bands of resin canals (RC) were investigated in Pinus halepensis from three Mediterranean dry and semi-arid ecosystems in Spain. We collected intact tissues of phloem, cambium, and outer xylem at monthly intervals throughout 2004 from each time six trees at the three sites.Cell divisions in the cambium in all trees started before our first sampling in mid-March and ceased between November and December. Cambial activity was characterized by two maxima; one in spring and another in autumn.Trees still grew in summer but at a very low rate. The first solitary RC were formed in May or June and tangential bands of RC in June or July. In general, tangential bands of RC were observed in wider growth rings. The formation of tangential bands of RC seems to be induced by drought in the second half of the growing season. FR were formed as a result of cambial reactivation in autumn and were observed in growth rings that contained more than 50 cells in a radial row. It appears that summer drought and early autumn precipitation play an important role in false-ring formation.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Aleppo pine, western Mediterranean, cambial activity, wood formation, tracheids, resin canals, false rings.
    Link to COBISS: http://www.cobiss.si/scripts/cobiss?command=SEARCH&base=COBIB&select=ID=1598345
    Divisions: Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Wood Technology > Chair of wood science
    Item ID: 612
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2014 12:12
    Last Modified: 04 Aug 2014 12:12
    URI: http://eprints.gozdis.si/id/eprint/612

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